ld converter steelmaking strength

Chemical characteristics of iron and steel slag : NIPPON …

Converter slag Electric arc furnace slag Andesite (for reference) Ordinary cement Component Oxidizing slag Reducing slag CaO 41.7 45.8 22.8 55.1 5.8 64.2 SiO 2 33.8 11.0 12.1 18.8 59.6 22.0 T-Fe 0.4 17.4 29.5 0.3 3.1 3.0 MgO 7.4 6.5 4.8 7.3 2.8


The LD process quickly attracted international interest, and new marketing channels were developed. And just over a year later, on Deceerthe “M. Linz-Donawitz converter This ship proved to all critics that LD steel was the ideal material for shipbuilding.


METALURGIJA 41 (2002) 2, 113-116 115K. KOSTÚR at all.: MODEL FOR INDIRECT MEASUREMENTS OF LD - STEELMAKING PROCESS ⋅100 − ε= meltage meltage el Y Y Ymod [%] (7) where ε is the relative deviation, Y melting is the value in melting, Y model

intensity of steelmaking slag

epa 5 Steelmaking Blast Furnacescribd Slag A-7 Hydrogen and the energy intensity of secondary steelmaking is much less than the Integrated Iron and Steel process Documents Similar To epa 5. Role of Slag in Converter Steelmaking ispatguru Role of Slag in

Water Purifiion Using Steelmaking Slag

LD-converter CAS-OB RH-operation Continuous casting Steel slabs Aim with the project •Remove zinc from a solution with dissolved ZnSO 4 Zinc removal Slag Time Initial Zn …

Steel - Electric-arc steelmaking | Britannica

2020/8/7· Steel - Steel - Electric-arc steelmaking: About one-quarter of the world’s steel is produced by the electric-arc method, which uses high-current electric arcs to melt steel scrap and convert it into liquid steel of a specified chemical composition and temperature.

New Refining Control for LD Converter Using Independent …

Steelmaking Technology Sec., Steelmaking Dept., East Japan Works (Keihin), JFE Steel 108 JFE TECHNICAL REPORT No. 21 (Mar. 2016) New Refining Control for LD Converter Using Independent Component Analysis the cleanliness of the molten steel and 2)

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The oxygen steelmaking process (Figure 3) The basic oxygen furnace or LD converter (originating from the Linz-Donawitz process started in 1956) is based on oxygen injection by a lance into the melt of hot metal. Scrap and lime are charged into the converter to

Integrated Plant Solutions for Stainless & Special Steelmaking

One of the biggest stainless steelmaking plants Outokumpu Stainless USA in Calvert/Alabama, USA Scope of supply 160 t electric arc furnace (EAF) 180 t AOD converter Ladle treatment station 180 t slab caster Dedusting systems for EAF, AOD and Order in

NPTEL :: Metallurgy and Material Science - Steel Making

NPTEL provides E-learning through online Web and Video courses various streams. Module Name Download Description Download Size Steelmaking Fundamentals lecture1.pdf pdf of lecture1 129 kb Steelmaking Fundamentals lecture2.pdf

(PDF) Utilisation of LD slag — An overview

Slag generated during steelmaking in basic oxygen converter (LD-Converter) is one of the important waste materials in an integrated steel plant. Generation rate of LD-slag is 150-


The trailblazing endless strip production technology offers the promise of revolutionizing flat-steel production in the same way that LD converter steelmaking technology and continuous casting changed the face of the steelmaking industry in the previous century.

MDMW-Iron29 | Steelmaking | Transition Metals

•LD stands for Linz and Donawitz where process was born •Gasesous oxygen is blown vertically into the metal bath till the required temperature and composition is simultaneously achieved. Oxygen Steelmaking Process The converter steelmaking process

Area 2 - K1-MET - Metallurgical competence center

Interaction of thermodynamic and kinetics of LD steelmaking Project 2.3 Thermomechanical modelling of continuous casting and hot rolling Project 2.4 A procedure for the design of refractory linings Project 2.5 New mold slag types and viscosity of metallurgical

File:Schéma LD métallurgie.svg - Wikipedia

To eed this file in your language (if available) use the lang parameter with the appropriate language code, e.g. [[File:Schéma LD métallurgie.svg|lang=en]] for the English version. To translate this file into your language, download the file to your computer, add your translation and re-upload it …

A Virtual LD-Steel-Converter | Scientific.Net

A Virtual LD-Steel-Converter p.365 A Dynamic Model of Ceramic Particle-Solidifiion Front Interaction p.371 Simulation of Rod Rolling to Improve Cold Heading Qualities p.377 A Simplified Semi-Empirical Method to Select the Processing Parameters for Laser

What are the properties of refractory materials for …

First, with refractories mainly in the following areas: 1) Refractory for converter The current converter furnace cap, tapping port, before and after the large surface, the pool and the bottom are used magnesia carbon brick; trunnion and slag line

A novel control algorithm for dephosphorization in an LD …

Article “A novel control algorithm for dephosphorization in an LD converter” Detailed information of the J-GLOBAL is a service based on the concept of Linking, Expanding, and Sparking, linking science and technology information which hitherto stood alone to support

A scheduling system for the steelmaking – continuous casting …

After the converter is filled with scrap and hot metal (in this sequence) the LD-process starts for this charge of steel (about 160 tons). After finishing the LD-process the converter is tapped, that is, the crude steel is poured into a ladle, which is required at this,

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(PDF) A Review of Steelmaking Technologies

Steelmaking is the method of developing steel from iron ore (usually haematite) and scrap. The impurities such as nitrogen, sulphur, silicon, phosphorus and excess carbon are

Fifty years of oxygen-converter steelmaking | …

Fifty years of oxygen-converter steelmaking - Volume 99 Issue 10 - F. Wallner, E. Fritz We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings.

Basic oxygen furnace process - Iron and steelmaking II: …

Second, during the steelmaking reaction the temperature of this converter encourages enormously high sometimes we may need cool down this whole process. The steel scrap charges from aient temperature, so it could observe heat inside converter.

Linz-Donawitz converter

LD converter steelmaking is a complex physico-chemical process where many variables have effects on thequality of the resulted steel. The main features of the process are the followings: a large (~150-ton) converter is filled with waste iron, melted pig iron and many additives, then it is blasted through with pure oxygen to burn out the unwanted contamination (e.g. silicon, etc.).


This article summarizes the outcome of research work carried out to improve the performance of the oxygen lance in the LD steelmaking process. In order to augment the droplet generation, a new oxygen lance with a central subsonic nozzle through which flow can be controlled has been introduced and its blowing performances studied using numerical and water model studies.